Declaration of Geneva

The "Modern Hippocratic Oath"


The Declaration of Geneva is one of the WMA’s oldest policies adopted by the 2nd General Assembly in Geneva in 1947. As it was considered a replacement for the outdated Hippocratic oath, while building on its principles, the Declaration of Geneva soon became known as the modern version of the Hippocratic Oath.

And yet, it also remains one of the most constant documents of the WMA. With only very few and careful revisions over many decades, it safeguards the ethical principles of the profession, relatively uninfluenced by zeitgeist and modernism.

The Oath should not be read alone, but in parallel with the more specific and detailed policies of the WMA especially the International Code of Medical Ethics which followed the Declaration of Geneva as early as 1948.