Medical Ethics Manual

Since its official launch in January 2005, the WMA Medical Ethics Manual has been distributed to medical journals and medical schools throughout the world. The following translations have been completed:

  • French (WMA)
  • Spanish (WMA)
  • Macedonian (Macedonian Medical Association)
  • Albanian (Macedonian Medical Association)
  • Traditional Chinese (Taiwan Medical Association)
  • Korean (Korean Medical Association)
  • Indonesian (Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta)
  • German (German Medical Association)
  • Arabic (Prof. Mohamed Salah Ben Ammar, University of Tunis Faculty of Medicine)
  • Turkish (Turkish Medical Association)
  • Russian (Russian Medical Society)
  • Bulgarian (Bulgarian Medical Association)
  • Japanese (Japan Medical Association)
  • Estonian (Estonian Medical Association)
  • Georgian (Georgian Medical Association)
  • Slovak (Slovak Medical Association)
  • Lithuanian (Lithuanian Medical Association)
  • Latvian (Latvian Medical Association)
  • Persian (Urmia University of Medical Sciences)
  • Ukrainian (Ukrainian Medical Association)
  • Polish (Polish Chamber of Physicians and Dentists)
  • Slovenian (Prof.Dr. Matjaz Zwitter, Head of Department of Medical Ethics and Law, Medical Faculty, University of Maribor)

Announcements of other completed translations will be made on this section of the WMA website.

The following news stories, articles and reviews of the Manual have appeared to date:

  • A review by P. Ravi Shankar, Siriraj Medical Journal 2009; 61/1: 64
  • An interview with Prof. John Williams about the Manual in Quo Vadis (Bulgaria), 5 October 2006: 16
  • A review by Phrancis Momoh in Nursing Ethics 2006; 13: 671-2
  • Reviews by Per Nortvedt, Søren Holm and Daniel Fu-Chang Tsai and a response by John R. Williams in Journal of Medical Ethics 2006; 32: 159-165
  • An interview with Prof. John Williams about the Manual in Meditsynskaya Gazeta (Russia) 2006; 11 (15 February): 12
  • A review by Rosanna W. Peeling and Abha Saxena in Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2006; 84 (2): 159-160
  • A review by Chris Chaloner in Mental Health Practice (U.K.) 2005; 8/10: 31
  • A review by Ole J. Hartling in Ugeskr Læger 2005; 167 (49): 4683b
  • A review by Darko Hren in Croatian Medical Journal 2005; 46 (5): 860
  • A review by Wendy A. Rogers in The Medical Journal of Australia 2005; 183: 271
  • A review by Sunil K. Pandya in The National Medical Journal of India 2005; 18/4: 218-9
  • Short review in Research Ethics Committees in the News 15 (July 2005)
  • An article by Prof. John Williams entitled, "WMA develops a teaching tool for medical ethics," in Royal College Outlook (Canada) 2005; 2/2: 8-10
  • An article by Prof. John Williams entitled, "The WMA Medical Ethics Manual," in World Medical Journal 51/1 (2005), 12-13.
  • An article by Prof. John Williams entitled, "International Medical Ethics," in World Hospitals and Health Services 41/1 (2005), 47-48.
  • An interview with Prof. John Williams about the Manual in Gastro-Pro, an online news services for gastroenterologists -

The WMA is very interested in hearing the reactions of readers to the Manual. Whether you are a practising physician, a medical student or a teacher of medical ethics, please let us know by email, regular mail or fax whether the Manual in its present form meets your needs and how you think it can be improved in future editions. In addition, we would like to know whether you see a need for additional ethics resources from the WMA, and if so, on what topics.

Table of contents (3rd edition 2015)

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(1x1 page) 

Intro Acknowledgments
Chapter One Principal Features of Medical Ethics
Chapter Two Physicians and Patients
Chapter Three Physicians and Society
Chapter Four Physicians and Colleagues
Chapter Five Medical Research
Chapter Six Conclusion
Appendix Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
Appendix E